Noun alfred (ˈalfreːt), count von schlieffen 1833-1913, german field marshal, who devised the schlieffen plan (1905): it was intended to ensure german victory over a franco-russian alliance by holding off russia with minimal strength and swiftly defeating france by a massive flanking movement through the low countries. A german general, count schlieffen, first outlined this bold strategy in 1894, and so it became known as the schlieffen plan the key to the plan was to knock france out of the war in six weeks, before britain and russia had time to react. The schlieffen plan failed because germans underestimated russia and the plan depended on rapid deployment, which was resisted by belgium this plan was designed by general count alfred von schlieffen in december, 1905, with the aim of defeating france and russia the execution of this plan. Helmut von moltke adapted the original plan by alfred von schlieffen and ultimately failed when the germans were beaten at the battle of the marne indy explains the numerous reasons why the.
Start studying why did the schlieffen plan fail learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: 43 the moltke plan a modified schlieffen plan with identical aims annika mombauer in 1914, germany went to war with the war plan of the younger helmuth von moltke, not with the schlieffen plan. In 1905 he composed the schlieffen plan, which was to enable the german empire to prevent a war on two fronts he died a prussian field marshal on 4 january 1913 in berlin peerage [ edit . Read the essential details about the schlieffen plan alfred von schlieffen, german army chief of staff, was given instructions to devise a strategy that would be able to counter a joint attack.
Schlieffen's plan called for 70 per cent of the german army to launch a broad offensive sweep through belgium and into france the plan's ultimate goal was the encirclement of the french army along the german-french frontier. The schlieffen plan was produced to get around the problem of international diplomacy german politicians expected that, in the event of war, france and russia would. The schlieffen plan was developed by german general alfred von schlieffen at the beginning of the 20th century the plan was developed in consideration of the possibility that germany might find itself in a two-front war with france to the west and russia to the east. The schlieffen plan has 5 ratings and 0 reviews using a copy of the schlieffen plan unearthed in 1953, ritter examines the man and his plan for the germ. The schlieffen plan drawn up in 1905 was the german army's answer to its central strategic problem: how to win a war on two fronts, against france in the west and russia in the east.
In this lesson, we will explore the schlieffen plan, an operation for the german invasion of france and belgium during world war i, carried out in. The plan was first put to paper at the end of 1905 when schlieffen retired, and was adapted to changing international circumstances by his successor, the younger helmuth von moltke the underlying principle remained the same until august 1914. The schlieffen plan: critique of a myth and millions of other books are available for amazon kindle learn more enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free kindle app.
The schlieffen plan was a battle plan, drawn up by german tacticians, to secure victory against both france and russia from the 1870s, german military tacticians mused over a particular strategic concern: if germany ever found itself at war with both france and russia, she would be surrounded and. The schlieffen plan was the german general staff's early-20th-century overall strategic plan for victory in a possible future war in which the german empire might find itself fighting on two fronts: france to the west and russia to the east. Start studying the schlieffen plan learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The schlieffen plan was created by general count alfred von schlieffen in december 1905 the schlieffen plan was the operational plan for a designated attack on france once russia, in response to international tension, had started to mobilise her forces near the german border.
The result was the schlieffen plan this involved a rapid mobilization, and the bulk of the entire german army attacking through the western lowlands into northern france, where they would sweep round and attack paris from behind its defences. The schlieffen plan was the german plan of attack designed to defeat france quickly and then turn on russia it was intended to avoid a war on two fronts. The failure of the schlieffen plan in 1914, germany believed that they would go to war with russia if this happened then germany assumed france would also attack them as she was a friend of russia.