Essay questions cite this literature note political constitution discussed by aristotle explain their operation and mention which are considered best and worst. To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of politics is to first examine each theory in depth plato is regarded by many experts as the first writer of political philosophy, and aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist. Political philosophy the topic of aristotle's criticism of plato's theory of forms is a large one and continues to expand that particulars participate in a. Synopsis though plato was the first to elaborate a socratic philosophy of politics, his student aristotle was the first to articulate a practically-oriented political science, meant to be of use to legislators, statesmen, and citizens.
Plato and aristotle on the american state the ideal or best form of society - which is described in their respective works republic and politics - ownership. In book two of the politics we witness the exciting clash of two conflicting political ideologies, aristotle's politics being primarily based on pragmatic concerns whilst plato's state is founded on more idealised principles in this essay we shall examine aristotle's critique of plato's utopia and whether these criticisms are valid. Comparing the similarities and differences between plato and aristotle from this world to discover an object's form, whereas aristotle believes we need only study. Both plato and aristotle believed that the best form of government is rule by the best, or aristocracy this word did not mea.
Aristotle (in book iv, ch 1) actually distinguishes between four different ranks of constitution: the first is the type aristotle thinks we find in plato, that is, the ideal or absolutely best constitution. Aristotle aristotle the politics term paper com/essay/aristotle-the-politics declaration of independence and the us constitution and to form an opinion as. Platos influence in western culture because of this theory plato would influence aristotle, the english constitution and the founding fathers of america to. Aristotle towers over the history of philosophy, having made fundamental contributions in many fields, among them logic, metaphysics, physics, biology, ethics, rhetoric, poetics, and politics aristotle, a student of plato , was a prolific researcher, teacher and writer. Political philosophy philosophy politics why does aristotle say that the best government is the polity update cancel polity is the best form because, it is.
Politics economics constitution of the athenians and so the discussion must turn to what has been said about the best regime thought of plato and. Regime change we have two great philosophers, plato and aristotle these are great men, whose ideas have not been forgotten over years although their thoughts of politics were similar, we find some discrepancies in their teachings. Plato aristotle and thucydides thucydides was an athenian historian, general and political philosopher son of olorus he is considered as the father of the school of political realism. This six-fold classification (which is adapted from plato's statesman 302c-d) sets the stage for aristotle's inquiry into the best constitution, although it is modified in various ways throughout the politics.
This type of government plato believes is the best form after an aristocracy falls a timocracy will rise the constitution of a timocracy has the qualities of both an aristocracy and of an oligarchy, because it falls between the two in the cycle of forms of government. Hence, in a political context, aristotle defines the best life as the middle life, which habours a mean open to men of every kind (iv, xi) this principle will become important in both aristotle's assessment of democracy and his formulation of what he considers to be the most descirable constitution, which he calls polity. Plato aristotle and thucydides essay sample thucydides was an athenian historian, general and political philosopher son of olorus he is considered as the father of the school of political realism.
Households join to form village aristotle's political philosophy aristotle argues that the ideal constitution is a mix. Aristotle: the politics what is aristotle's definition of a constitution the best form of state is the one in which every man can live happy lives and act. In his politics, aristotle divides government into 6 kinds, 3 good and 3 bad the good forms are monarchy, aristocracy, and polity, while the bad forms are tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy each of the good forms has the possibility of turning into its bad form - ie, monarchy into tyranny. An analysis of aristotle's the politics in the politics, aristotle would have us believe that man by nature is a political animal in other words, aristotle seems to feel that the most natural thing for men to do is to come together in some form of political association.
Aristotle was an influential person who had studied philosophy and politics exhaustively he was able to influence the creation of the best constitutions in athens and the entire greece where many residents could enjoy the leadership and their constitutions. By pairing translations of gorgias and rhetoric, along with an outstanding introductory essay, joe sachs demonstrates aristotles response to plato if in the gorgias plato probes the question of what is problematic in rhetoric, in rhetoric , aristotle continues the thread by looking at what makes rhetoric useful. In aristotle's analysis of the best form of a leader, he says it is that person who pursues virtue to him virtues are decent habits acquired through legislation and moral education according to aristotle, leaders should not work it is the state to provide for their needs.